Exploring north east Iceland: lakes, volcanoes and waterfalls.
[00:01] Mývatn is a lake situated in an area of active volcanism in the north east of Iceland, not far from Krafla volcano. The lake and its surrounding wetlands have an exceptionally rich fauna of waterbirds, especially ducks. The lake was created by a large basaltic lava eruption 2300 years ago, and the surrounding landscape is dominated by volcanic landforms, including lava pillars and rootless vents (pseudocraters). The effluent river Laxá is known for its rich fishing for brown trout and Atlantic salmon.
The name of the lake (Icelandic mý (“midge”) and vatn (“lake”); the lake of midges) comes from the huge numbers of midges to be found there in the summer.
[02:17] Dimmuborgir (dimmu – dark, borgir – cities or forts) is a large area of unusually shaped lava fields east of lake Mývatn. The Dimmuborgir area is composed of various caves and rock formations, remnants of volcanic activity that are perhaps reminiscent of an ancient collapsed citadel, with columns spewing plumes of sulfuric smoke. In Icelandic folklore, Dimmuborgir is said to connect earth with the infernal regions.
[07:56] Goðafoss, the Waterfall of the Gods, is one of the most spectacular waterfalls in Iceland. The waterfall is formed by the water of the river Skjálfandafljót, it is located in the Mývatn district of north-central Iceland at the beginning of the Sprengisandur highland road.
The water of the river falls from a height of 12 meters over a width of 30 meters.
In the year 1000 the lawspeaker Þorgeir Ljósvetningagoði made Christianity the official religion of Iceland. After his conversion it is said that upon returning from the Alþingi, the icelandic parliament, Þorgeir threw his statues of the Norse gods into the waterfall.
Sigur Rós – Staralfur