B٠R٠A٠T٠T٠A٠H٠L٠Í٠Ð

B٠R٠A٠T٠T٠A٠H٠L٠Í٠Ð

Þjóðhildarkirkja (Thjodhild’s church) in Brattahlíð, south-west Greenland.

Brattahlíð (the name means “the steep slope”) was Erik the Red’s estate in the Eastern Settlement Viking colony he established in south-western Greenland toward the end of the 10th century. The present settlement of Qassiarsuk is now located in its place. The site is located about 96 km (60 mi) from the ocean, at the head of the Tunulliarfik Fjord (Eriksfjord), and hence sheltered from ocean storms. Erik and his descendants lived there until about the mid-15th century.
Brattahlíð hosted the first Greenlandic Þing (parliament), based on the Icelandic Althing.

Erik the Red was the first permanent European settler in Greenland. In 982, Erik, outlawed for three years from Iceland, sailed to a mysterious western land. He rounded the southern tip of the island (later known as Cape Farewell) and sailed up the western coast. He eventually reached a part of the coast that, for the most part, seemed ice-free and consequently had conditions—similar to those of Iceland—that promised growth and future prosperity (at that time temperatures were milder and glaciers much more retreated inland). According to the Saga of Erik the Red, he spent his three years of exile exploring this land.

When Erik returned to Iceland after his exile had expired, he is said to have brought with him stories of “Greenland”. Erik deliberately gave the land an appealing name in order to lure potential settlers. His salesmanship proved successful, as many people became convinced that Greenland held great opportunity.
After spending the winter in Iceland, Erik returned to Greenland in 985 with a large number of colonists. The Icelanders established two colonies on the southwest coast: the Eastern Settlement or Eystribyggð, and the Western Settlement or Vestribyggð, close to present-day Nuuk, further north. The Eastern and Western Settlements, both established on the southwest coast, proved the only areas suitable for farming.

In Eystribyggð or Eastern Settlement, Erik built the estate of Brattahlíð. He held the title of paramount chieftain of Greenland and became both greatly respected and wealthy.
The settlement flourished, growing to 5000 inhabitants spread over a considerable area along Eriksfjord and neighboring fjords. Groups of immigrants escaping overcrowding in Iceland joined the original party. As the Western settlement, the colony thrived and survived until the Little Ice Age made the land marginal for European life-styles in the 15th century (shortly before Christopher Columbus’s first voyage to the Americas in 1492).


VIDEO → Approaching Greenland

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Nothing like the rest

Nothing like the rest

Southern Alps, New Zealand.


VIDEO → Scenic Flight over the Southern Alps

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The incredible geology of Vestmanna Sea Cliffs

The majesty of Vestmannabjorgini (Vestmanna sea cliffs), Streymoy (Faroe Islands).

Known as the Vestmannabjorgini, these majestic sea cliffs rise up to 600 meters above the turquoise hues of the churning sea below roughly halfway between Vestmanna and Saksun, on the north side of Streymoy, Faroe Islands.
The cliffs are characterized by their numerous clefts and green blankets of luxuriant grass and mosses (sheep graze quite undisturbed on the clifftops).
The boats that sail here give an unparalleled view of the cliffs and the birds as they weave in between the numerous sea stacks and in and out the narrow straits bound by sheer rock walls and dark echoing grottoes.
These soaring cliffs provide safe nesting places during the summer months (May-August) for thousands upon thousands of seabirds, above all puffins, guillemots, razorbills and gulls.

 

Silently

Silently

Lake Ullswater, Lake District, Cambria. England (UK).

Ullswater is the second largest lake in the English Lake District, being approximately nine miles (14.5 kilometres) long and 0.75 miles (1,2 km) wide with a maximum depth of slightly more than 60 metres (~200 ft). Many regard Ullswater as the most beautiful of the English lakes.
It is a typical Lake District narrow “ribbon lake” formed after the last ice age when a glacier scooped out the valley floor. When the glacier retreated, the deepened section filled with meltwater which became lake Ullswater.

Gallarus

Gallarus

Gallarus Oratory, Dingle Peninsula, Co Kerry, Ireland.

The Gallarus Oratory (Irish: Séipéilín Ghallarais, literally “The Church of the Place of the Foreigners”) is believed to be an early Christian church, built between the 6th century and 9th century, located on the Dingle Peninsula, County Kerry, Ireland.
The oratory overlooks the harbour at Ard na Caithne (formerly also called Smerwick) on the Dingle Peninsula.
The oratory is built of large cut stones from the Dingle Beds of the Upper Silurian Old Red Sandstone.

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